“Fire of the Great City of London Metropolis of the Kingdom of England on 21 September 1666, from which in 4 days it was covered with inestimable damage”
Published in Vienna, 1674, by Galeazzo Gualdo Priorato, it demonstrates how the Great Fire of London was an international news story.
Galeazzo Priorato (1606 – 1678), Count of Cozzamo, was born in Venice and had an extremely active life. He started out as a soldier, fighting as a mercenary in Germany, Holland and Italy. He became a diplomat, advisor and historian to Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor. When he retired he returned to Venice and became known as a prolific historian.
What was a small fire that started just after midnight on the 2nd September 1666 at the bakery of Thomas Farriner in Pudding Lane, swept west across the City causing devastation inside and outside the walls. The fire spread as far as Fetter lane and continued to rage for three days across the City of London. It destroyed 13,500 houses, 87 parish churches, 44 Company Halls, the Royal Exchange, Custom House, Bridewell palace (and a number of other prisons), St Paul’s Cathedral, the General Letter Office, and the three western city gates (Ludgate, Newgate, and Aldersgate).
Samuel Pepys recorded in his diary that he borrowed a cart to "to carry away all my money, and plate, and best things" and "did dig a [hole], and put our wine in it; and my Parmazan cheese, as well as … some other things."
A melted piece of pottery found by archaeologists in Pudding Lane, where the fire started, shows that the temperature reached 1,250 °C
The damage caused by the fire is estimated to have cost approximately £1.7 billion in today’s money (2019).
The population of London in1665 was around 370,000.
Gualdo Priorato 1675
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